Index cards in a rolodex, an old library card catalog or other organizational purpose, usually but not always 3" x 5", early and mid-20th century technologies for maintaining list of information, and in the card catalog also useful for cross-referencing information
A database index is a data structure that improves the speed of data retrieval operations on a database table at the cost of additional writes and storage space to maintain the index data structure. Indexes are used to quickly locate data without having to search every row in a database table every time a database table is accessed. Indexes can be created using one or more columns of a database table, providing the basis for both rapid random lookups and efficient access of ordered records.
An index is a copy of select columns of data from a table that can be searched very efficiently that also includes a low-level disk block address or direct link to the complete row of data it was copied from. Some databases extend the power of indexing by letting developers create indices on functions or expressions. For example, an index could be created on upper(last_name), which would only store the upper case versions of the last_name field in the index. Another option sometimes supported is the use of partial indices, where index entries are created only for those records that satisfy some conditional expression. A further aspect of flexibility is to permit indexing on user-defined functions, as well as expressions formed from an assortment of built-in functions.
The professionalization of economics, reflected in academia, has been described as "the main change in economics since around 1900." Economists debate the path they believe their profession should take. It is, primarily, a debate between a scholastic orientation, focused on mathematical techniques, and a public discourse orientation, which is more focused on communicating to lay people pertinent economic principles as they relate to public policy. Surveys among economists indicate a preference for a shift toward the latter. However, these preferences expressed in private often differ with what is actually acted out in the public eye.
The Economist is an English language weekly newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited in offices based in London. Continuous publication began under founder James Wilson in September 1843. For historical reasons, The Economist refers to itself as a newspaper, but each print edition appears on small glossy paper like a news magazine. In 2006, its average weekly circulation was reported to be 1.5 million, about half of which were sold in the United States.
The publication belongs to The Economist Group. It is 50% owned by private investors and 50% by Exor, the Agnelli holding company, and the Rothschild banking family of England. Exor and the Rothschilds are represented on the Board of Directors. A board of trustees formally appoints the editor, who cannot be removed without its permission. Although The Economist has a global emphasis and scope, about two-thirds of the 75 staff journalists are based in the City of Westminster, London. As of March 2014, the Economist Group declared operating profit of £59m. Previous major shareholders include Pearson PLC.
According to a related Economist magazine study, for the first time in more than 40 years, the sentiment index no longer tracks traditional measures of economic activity such as employment, income and GDP growth.
While the old world suffocated individualism, this new movement – modernism – set artists, thinkers, writers and even economists free ... According to The Economist’s Global Liveability Index (based on a number of quality of life indicators), Vienna is the world’s most liveable city in 2023.
While the index is mired at pre-pandemic levels, the economy has marched ahead. According to a related Economist magazine study, for the first time in more than 40 years, the sentiment index no longer tracks traditional measures of economic activity such as employment, income and GDP growth. Instead, the index seems to be locked in a cellar.
dollar index and U.S ...The Federal ReserveBank of Philadelphia reported that its diffusion index for current activity tumbled to a negative 13.5 in September from a positive 12.0 in August. Economists had expected the index to slump to a negative 0.7 ... that economists were expecting.
The preliminary reading of the UK S&P Global Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) for the services sector sank to its lowest since the pandemic lockdown of January 2021 and below all forecasts in a Reuters poll of economists. Aside from during the Covid-19 pandemic, the index last fell this low during the Global Financial Crisis.
But although inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) is falling, interest rates are on hold and consumer confidence is growing, economists point out there is a long way to go and the risks of recession and stagflation in the UK are very much alive.
The preliminary reading of the UK S&P Global Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) for the services sector sank to its lowest since the pandemic lockdown of January 2021 and below all forecasts in a Reuters poll of economists. Aside from during the COVID-19 pandemic, the index last fell this low during the Global Financial Crisis.
Economists are playing a game of “can-you-top-this,” seeing who can ramp up their U.S ... Prominent economists such as former Treasury SecretaryLarry Summers warned that Biden’s 2021 stimulus package could “overheat” the economy and cause inflation rates to soar ... In addition, tax brackets are also indexed annually to inflation.
By Ed Frankl ...Confidence among British consumers rose four points to minus 21 this month, the highest reading since January 2022, according to an index compiled by consumer-research firm GfK. The result flips a consensus of economists polled by FactSet, which expected the level to decline to minus 27, from minus 25 in August ... 1 and Sept. 13 ... .
Bill Ackman runs Pershing Square...Inflation, as measured by the Consumer Price Index, has risen for two months in a row after cooling over the first half of the year. Economists worry that the United Auto Workers' union strike and a recent steady rise in gas prices could push inflation even higher ... Just ask your average American," he added ... ....
The leading economic index fell 0.4% in August and declined for the 17th month in a row, but there’s still no sign the U.S ... Economists polled by the Wall Street Journal had forecast a 0.5% drop. The leading index is a gauge of 10 indicators designed to show whether the economy is getting better or worse ... Leading index for U.S.
The leading economic index fell 0.4% in August and declined for the 17th month in a row, but there’s still no sign the U.S ... Economists polled by the Wall Street Journal had forecast a 0.5% drop. The leading index is a gauge of 10 indicators designed to show whether the economy is getting better or worse.
It marked the index's 14th negative reading in the past 16 months, after August's measure snapped 11 months of contractions in the index ... The reading compared with expectations of neither contraction nor growth by economists polled by The Wall Street Journal, who expected the index to come in at zero.
Economists expect the Bank of England to raise interest rates by 25 basis points to 5.50% ... Economists are forecasting an increase in initial jobless claims from 220k to 225k. Other stats include the Philly Fed Manufacturing Index and existing home sales ... Economists forecast the Philly Fed Manufacturing Index to fall from 12.0 to -0.7.
In fact, inflation rose more in the month of August than economists expected due to the rising costs of food and energy ... Economists point to the rising cost in energy prices for the reason of this increase as the PPI energy index rose 10.5 percent on the month, spurred by a 20 percent surge in gasoline.